The Self-Determination Assessmentinternet (SDAi) includes three instruments that measure cognitive, behavioral and affective traits associated with self-determination. These characteristics are assessed from the perspectives of students, parents and advisors. The instruments can be administered together or individually. The self-determination assessment approach focuses on and delineates those variables related to self-determination that are within the individual's control and are potential targets for instructional intervention.
The three instruments included in the SDAi underwent extensive development and revision.
Self-Determination Student Scale (SDSS)
The Self-Determination Student Scale is a 92-item self-report instrument taken online by the student that measures both affective (feelings, emotions) and cognitive (beliefs) aspects of self-determination. The SDSS yields an overall score that allows advisors to look at a student's self-determination skill level in relation to students who share similar demographics. The SDSS also yields five sub-scale scores that relate to the five components of self-determination:. The Self-Determination Student Scale (SDSS) can be administered successfully on it's own or along with the SDPPS and SDAPS.
Self-Determination Parent Perception Scale (SDPPS) & Self-Determination Advisor Perception Scale (SDAPS)
The Self-Determination Assessmentinternet has separate scales for advisors and parents. These two instruments are 30 item questionnaires that require the parent or advisor to rate the child/student on a five point likert scale (0=low, 4=high) on a variety of components related to the model. By having students, parents, and advisors participate in the development and implementation of its self-determination intervention plan, each member has an "investment" in the success of the plan.
The Self-Determination Assessmentinternet can be used as:
- a diagnostic measure to help identify barriers to self-determination;
- a basis for developing individual plans for both remediation and enrichment;
- a pre-post achievement measure for students participating in intervention programs or courses;
- a foundation for improving successful outcomes;
- a tool to involve and engage parents; and
- a tool to discover similarities and discrepancies among students, parents, and advisors.
Sharon Field Hoffman, Ed.D.
Shlomo Sawilowsky, Ph.D.
30 to 50 minutes
Self-Determination Parent Perception Scale (SDPPS)
10 to 15 minutes
Self-Determination Advisor Perception Scale (SDAPS)
10 to 15 minutes
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