The Self-Determination Assessmentinternet (SDAi) includes three instruments that measure cognitive, behavioral and affective traits associated with self-determination. These characteristics are assessed from the perspectives of students, parents and advisors. The instruments can be administered together or individually. The self-determination assessment approach focuses on and delineates those variables related to self-determination that are within the individual's control and are potential targets for instructional intervention.
The three instruments included in the SDAi underwent extensive development and revision.
Self-Determination Student Scale (SDSS)
Two options are provided for the Self-Determination Student Scale. The SDSS is geared toward younger students and for those whom it may be more appropriate to provide a simple “that's me” or “that's not me” response. The SDSS-Short Form (SDSS-SF) was normed on students in college settings. The SDSS-SF asks students to respond to 43 items on a five point likert scale that encourages more refined judgements in responses. Both versions of the SDSS provide students with scores for each of the five components of the Self-Determination Action Model as well as a score for the entire instrument. Providing scores for each of the components helps students learn more about their strengths and areas for improvement related to self-determination.
Self-Determination Parent Perception Scale (SDPPS) & Self-Determination Advisor Perception Scale (SDAPS)
The Self-Determination Assessmentinternet has separate scales for advisors and parents. These two instruments are 30 item questionnaires that require the parent or advisor to rate the child/student on a five point likert scale (1=low, 5=high) on a variety of components related to the model. By having students, parents, and advisors participate in the development and implementation of its self-determination intervention plan, each member has an "investment" in the success of the plan.
The Self-Determination Assessmentinternet can be used as:
- a diagnostic measure to help identify barriers to self-determination;
- a basis for developing individual plans for both remediation and enrichment;
- a pre-post achievement measure for students participating in intervention programs or courses;
- a foundation for improving successful outcomes;
- a tool to involve and engage parents; and
- a tool to discover similarities and discrepancies among students, parents, and advisors.
Sharon Field Hoffman, Ed.D.
Shlomo Sawilowsky, Ph.D.
30 to 50 minutes
Student Scale-Short Form (SDSS-SF)
20 to 30 minutes
Parent Perception Scale (SDPPS)
10 to 15 minutes
Advisor Perception Scale (SDAPS)
10 to 15 minutes