The Self-Determination Assessmentinternet (SDAi) includes three instruments that measure cognitive, behavioral and affective traits associated with self-determination. These characteristics are assessed from the perspectives of students, parents and advisors. The instruments can be administered together or individually. The self-determination assessment approach focuses on and delineates those variables related to self-determination that are within the individual's control and are potential targets for instructional intervention.
The three instruments included in the SDAi underwent extensive development and revision.
Self-Determination Student Scale (SDSS)
Two options are provided for the Self-Determination Student Scale. The SDSS is geared toward younger students and for those whom it may be more appropriate to provide a simple “that's me” or “that's not me” response. The SDSS-Short Form (SDSS-SF) was normed on students in college settings. The SDSS-SF asks students to respond to 43 items on a five point likert scale that encourages more refined judgements in responses. Both versions of the SDSS provide students with scores for each of the five components of the Self-Determination Action Model as well as a score for the entire instrument. Providing scores for each of the components helps students learn more about their strengths and areas for improvement related to self-determination.
Self-Determination Parent Perception Scale (SDPPS) & Self-Determination Advisor Perception Scale (SDAPS)
The Self-Determination Assessmentinternet has separate scales for advisors and parents. These two instruments are 30 item questionnaires that require the parent or advisor to rate the child/student on a five point likert scale (1=low, 5=high) on a variety of components related to the model. By having students, parents, and advisors participate in the development and implementation of its self-determination intervention plan, each member has an "investment" in the success of the plan.
The Self-Determination Assessmentinternet can be used as:
- a diagnostic measure to help identify barriers to self-determination;
- a basis for developing individual plans for both remediation and enrichment;
- a pre-post achievement measure for students participating in intervention programs or courses;
- a foundation for improving successful outcomes;
- a tool to involve and engage parents; and
- a tool to discover similarities and discrepancies among students, parents, and advisors.
Sharon Field Hoffman, Ed.D.
Shlomo Sawilowsky, Ph.D.
20 to 30 minutes
Student Scale (SDSS)
30 to 50 minutes
Parent Perception Scale (SDPPS)
10 to 15 minutes
Advisor Perception Scale (SDAPS)
10 to 15 minutes